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Pay to write best essay on hillary By Catherine Caldwell-Harris Photo by Jessica Scranton. Should a 20-something information technology specialist, by all accounts a competent employee, be able to dye her long, wavy brown hair purple without getting grief from management? That question was at the heart of the writing my research paper colorado river hydrosphere at a recent dinner for a group of intelligent and age-diverse women. Catherine Caldwell-Harris reads her essay. Download the complete MP3 (14:47). “Management went apoplectic,” the woman said. “Sure, they said my hair wasn’t relevant to my job performance; they agreed I did my job well. But I had to dye it back.” The group nodded and rolled their eyes in sympathetic outrage. The owner of the hair didn’t even interact with the public! The business didn’t have a published dress code! To redye hair, it has to be bleached, and that’s a health risk! I kept quiet. Like others who grew up in an age of personal freedom, I, too, reasoned, “Back off. I’m not hurting anyone else by doing x .” Inside, however, I was coming down on the side of management, and here’s why: dyeing your hair purple as a 20-something shows a lack of respect to your managers and fellow employees. It makes you stand out. You are defiantly not fitting in with the group. You are imposing on others by shrieking, “Look at me!” I was also aware that my thoughts about the purple hair incident were very different from what they would have been robert perkinson university of hawaii bookstore few years ago. They were changed by several things, but the most powerful forces were my readings in social and cross-cultural psychology and my experiences in other cultures. It was May 2008. Weeks earlier I had returned from a semester-long sabbatical in China, where I had traveled with my Taiwanese doctoral student for two research projects, both about language, but quite different. One project studied the cognitive processing underlying reading Chinese script, and the other involved interviews and questionnaires on the comfort and frequency of use of the phrase Wo ai ni (I love you). My husband and I had lived in rented apartments, and I’d traveled by bus or bike to meet every day with student assistants. I’d hung out in parks with my laptop, writing my academic papers, observing people playing and exercising, trying to communicate with interested locals who wanted to have their first conversation with an American. Once, during a visit to a local Starbucks, I was startled to see a woman, a foreigner, who appeared to have some sort of facial dysmorphology. The bony protuberances of her cheekbones made me try to remember the name of the disease that could cause it. Then something clicked. She was a normal woman with a strong nose and cheekbones, characteristically Germanic features. It turned out that three months of living as the rare Caucasian in Chinese neighborhoods had reconfigured my face recognition system (think of fumbling for words in your native tongue when you’ve been daily using another language). Back in Massachusetts, olli temple university philadelphia pa face recognition system had almost instantly popped back to its normal setting. But the China trip had sensitized me to the virtue of minimizing individualist displays and respecting the desires of those above one in the social hierarchy. In the collectivist cultures of East Asia, people have been less concerned with expressing their individuality and more concerned about harmonious relations with others, including being sensitive to negative appraisal by others. One result is a well-behaved classroom of 30 preschoolers led by one teacher and an assistant. As I sat at dinner with my female friends, I thought about the subtle power of social norms and respect for authority. In addition to the lessons of living in China, I remembered social psychologist (and author of the 2012 book Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion ) Jonathan Haidt’s five foundations of morality. I’d admired Haidt’s work since I started assigning his 2007 New Yorker video to my cross-cultural psychology and cognitive psychology classes. Haidt had once given a colloquium to my department and visited my lab. In recent years the New York University professor has become something of a rock star of social psychology, largely because of his persuasive analysis of the value systems of liberals and of conservatives. Haidt proposes that the moral highest sat essay score 2012 of liberals focuses on justice and fairness, with equal treatment for all, and on care vs. harm, which involves having compassion for others. Political conservatives also have these values, says Haidt, but they are influenced by three other moral systems: respect for hierarchy, favoring one’s in-group over the out-group, and valuing purity (a complex concept that involves sexual propriety, nobility, and avoiding disgusting objects). The idea that different groups embrace different value systems was, of course, not new, but prior to reading Haidt I had considered respect for authority, in-group favoritism, and purity to be components of collectivist cultural groups, which are usually associated with developing nations and are often described in opposition to the individualist values that are hallmarks of modern, developed regions (especially North America, Europe, and Australia). Collectivism is widespread throughout the rest of the world, particularly in what researchers call small scale societies, but it is also present in large and well organized societies such as China, where traditional values and wisdoms from premodern times, such as Confucian teachings, remain influential. When I teach these concepts in a cross-cultural psychology class, I typically ask students to discuss “crosscultural teasers” like these: A researcher in Turkey is helping you translate your sociological questionnaire into Turkish, but she claims that a question on homelessness won’t be understood because homelessness does not exist in Turkey. Many Americans think it is good for all teenagers to have an after-school job, but Indians feel this should be done only if the family needs the money. An American entrepreneur explains to his elderly Polish relatives that his son has succeeded in business without having his father pull any strings or offer any financial assistance. The Polish relatives are horrified. A graduate student from Kazakhstan has to forgo completing her PhD to return home to earn money so that her nephews can finish high school. Americans are urged to say “I love you” regularly to family members; many Chinese young adults say their parents have never once said “Wo ai ni” to them. I spent years holding conservative values in contempt. Not care about global warming? Harmful, wrong, and unfair! The Turks, Indians, elderly Polish, Kazakhs, and Chinese presumably grew up in cultures where a premium was placed on sharing resources with in-group members, and where family members are expected to subordinate their own goals to those of the group. In contrast, individualistic societies are tolerant of nonconformity and celebrate the pursuit of one’s individual get someone write my paper duct tape and self-expression. The kind of urban living that most of us experience, for example, offers options that reduce the need to rely on other people. If there is a 24-hour convenience store down the street (or if you have a car and can stock up on supplies), then you don’t need to knock on your neighbor’s door to borrow a cup of sugar. City dwellers usually have bank and insurance accounts, which means we don’t have to store up favors with friends to be assured of having their back when an emergency hits. In fact, many Americans recall being warned not to loan money to friends, because that puts friendships in danger. In contrast, my Turkish collaborator, Ayse Aycicegi-Dinn, explains that Turkish friends loan money to deepen mutual obligations while avoiding paying interest to banks. Cross-cultural psychologists do not view either individualism or collectivism as inherently superior or inferior. They understand that each system has evolved to solve the problem of how individuals can benefit from living in groups, and they see both systems as having pros and cons. Individualist societies like ours allow people to pursue their dreams (pro), but when big aspirations crumble because of bad luck or intense competition, they may lack a safety net, either in terms of government services or family support (con). In individualistic societies, transactions are abstract and conveniently monetized (pro). But when we don’t trade our labor and time with our neighbors for mutual benefit, we miss an opportunity for friendships to be built around helping each other (con). And indeed, friendships in individualist societies are typically many, diverse, and often shallow. They are easily initiated and routinely abandoned, as when, for example, we choose to relocate for a better paying job. In collectivist societies, the familial ties and deep friendships that arise from never leaving your hometown and investing daily in relationship management provide a buffer against loneliness and depression. The downside is that collectivist cultures can have an oppressive small-town mentality that punishes nonconformists who challenge religious, gender, or sex role norms. As a liberal, I spent many years holding conservative values in contempt. Not care about global warming? Exploit and vilify immigrants? Hold men and women to different standards of sexual behavior? Dismiss those living in poverty? Enact legislation to help those who were already successful keep their wealth? Harmful, wrong, and unfair! So what hit me so hard when reading the work of Jonathan Haidt was the realization that the three moral systems that liberals disavow, but conservatives embrace (that is, respect for authority, prioritizing in-group members, purity) are the hallmarks of the collectivist value systems I learned about as part of doing cross-cultural research and living overseas. My current and more sympathetic understanding is that the central goal of collectivist societies (and social conservatism as a political ideology) is reserving resources for the in-group, a strategy that was necessary in earlier eras when the neighboring tribe was encroaching on your territory and daily survival was often uncertain. Purity rules and emphasis on obedience to authority are tools that help small-scale societies increase group cohesion and survival. My research, my teaching, and my traveling showed me that for the majority of cultures that have thrived on our planet, socially conservative political views made a lot of sense. But what really made me more tolerant about “the other side” was when I started rubbing shoulders in a collaboration with scholars who self-identified as centrist, middle-of-the-road, politically moderate, religious, and even conservative. Theologian Wesley Wildman, a School of Theology professor, religious studies scholar, and wide-ranging thinker, asked me to become a research associate at the Institute for the Bio-Cultural Study of Religion. Sitting in meetings with fellow members of the institute’s Spectrums Project, whose goal is to find strategies for mitigating the problems associated with religious extremism and polarized religious discourse, allowed me to ask hard questions of people I respected. For example, why are ideological conservatives pro–big business, slashing food stamps in order to “shrink government” while subsidizing agribusiness? Many scholars and thinkers have grappled with just how the Republican party married probusiness, antiworker, neoliberalism ideas with small-town social conservatism. One could even say that conservatives in Congress have to prioritize supporting their in-group, and their in-group is probusiness. Freemarket capitalism does seem to be a different beast from social conservatism. One of my conservative colleagues pointed me to enlightening essays about this in the American Conservativea university of paris 1 pantheon-sorbonne website translator I found to be far more reasonable than one would think from the constant vilification of conservatives on a website I enjoy. All of the above, the travel, the research, teaching, and the collaboration, has led me to a place where, instead of inching away when I meet someone who expresses conservative political values, I take the opportunity to learn. And not just because some conservatives join forces with liberals by being against patriarchy, racism, and my-country-first patriotism. There’s something else about conservatives that is interesting: they’re happier than liberals. I have long appreciated the optimism about human progress that is a key ideal of liberalism (think of the term “progressive”). While I still embrace this view, I wonder if conservative ideals are more natural ideals. That is, does human nature, as it emerged under the pressures of natural selection of our small-group-living ancestors, include the urge to curtail individual expression, enforce authority, and hoard resources for the in-group? Compared to liberals, social conservatives may well be living lives that are more similar to what humans have lived for tens of thousands of years. And if so, is their more natural mind-set the reason that conservatives are, at least according to surveys, often happier than liberals? Circle the answers you think best complete this sentence: If you are the houseguest of a friend-of-a-friend, your stay might be physically and socially more comfortable if your hosts are a) liberal b) conservative, but the conversation will be more intellectually stimulating if your hosts are a) liberal b) conservative. If you answered b and a, then your intuitions are consistent with a growing literature on how personality and cognitive function match up with ideological beliefs. Conservatives are (on average) sociable, agreeable, and conscientious, as well as concerned about pleasing and fitting in with others of their group. When compared to conservatives, liberals are (on average), less socially astute and less attuned to the needs of others, less agreeable, and overall, less happy. On the intellectual side, liberals, compared to conservatives, prefer abstract, intellectual topics, as is consistent with their broader moral scope. Liberals are concerned with starvation in Africa, climate change, the threatened biosphere, factory farming, and issues that, important as they are, are far removed from the ordinary American’s day-to-day existence. Social scientists have a long way to go to figure out the tangled causal relations holding among the observed correlations, but here’s a question: does big-picture, abstract thinking cause liberals to be less happy because they are removing themselves from the embodied here and now? After all, the ability to live in the moment and appreciate our lives as they exist does seem to be a key ingredient in day-to-day contentment. Or is it conservatives’ concern with lasting marriage, strong family cohesiveness, and day-to-day sociality that tips the scales toward greater daily contentment and happiness? These ideas—from cross-cultural psychology to cognitive/personality styles—have been at the heart of my personal and intellectual journey during the last decade (when, perhaps not incidentally, I got married and gave birth to twin boys). It makes more sense to me now to incorporate into one’s tool kit all the strategies for a fulfilling life. When we understand more of the full set of ways to be human, we can be more human. Catherine Caldwell-Harris is a College of Arts & Sciences associate professor of psychology and a research associate at the nonprofit Institute for the Bio-Cultural Study of Religion. BU, other experts confer in a Washington forum. Affordable Care Act supporters need to get involved, make it personal. New book shows why they “win the culture wars” I must apologize, but I got about half way through this article and realized this person was so clueless about how normal people live and think that she was completely irrelevant. It really is sad to see someone that is so out of touch with reality that she is just never going to be able to relate to normal people. At least she can reside peacefully in some ultra liberal northeastern university and live out her life cluelessly, perhaps ultimately like a zoo exhibit as simple cover letter samples retail about to be extinct human unsuccessful genetic deadend. Going along to get along is not a virtue, but the foundation of every problem we have faced in the past, and will face in the future. “Not care about global warming? Exploit and vilify immigrants? Hold men and women to different standards of sexual behavior? Dismiss those living in poverty? Enact legislation to help those who were already successful keep their wealth?” As the saying goes, the left thinks if you disagree with them you’re evil. Or if not thinks it, at least chooses to say so because it’s easier that way. I recommend reading Olivier Ballou’s short, easy-to-understand primer, and then start reading some Daily Wire, Western Journal / Conservative Tribune, listen to some of the most well-known conservative podcasts, commentary shows, or educational videos such as Prager, Rush, Hannity, etc., and try reading some Milton Friedman, some Larry Elder, maybe Freedomnomics. I think if you do, you’ll find a lot more consistency among all these with the ideas in Ballou’s treatise on conservatism than with yours. Reading this, it seemed very coloured by non-conservative assumptions to me, made me think of Blake’s line about cleansing the doors of perception. Classical liberalism is i.m.o. a lot further from progressivism than from conservatism in the west, probably b/c most conservatives these days are conservative of especially the sort of classical liberal ideals so fundamentally threatened by progressivism (and socialism). Just want to point out that the entire ideology of conservatism can (and was) summed-up in the phrase “that government is best which governs least” (or, as you wrote in your article “Back off. I’m not hurting anyone else by doing x”). It has nothing to do with purity or prioritizing in-group members, and the original American conservatives *dis*respected authority so much that they fought a war and killed an estimated 24,000 of their own government’s soldiers…over *taxes!* I think you may be a bit confused because the literal definition of “conservative” is a person who is resistant to change, while the political terms “conservative” and “classical liberal” refer to the ideology described in the first sentence of this post. The political term “liberal,” incidentally, refers to what was once called “republicanism;” an ideology centered around individual sacrificing their personal interests for the good of the state. Neither system is better? Please google “most conservative countries on earth”, then “most liberal countries on earth”. Then honestly tell me where you would rather live. Lorne….I think one mistake that is made is the use of the work Liberal in the context you apply I would argue that Communist and Dictatorial societies are called Conservative, but bears little if any resemblance to what we refer to as a Conservative politically in the USA. This was a painful read. The author treats American Preservationists as if they are a majority of Republicans. Ever heard of free-marketeers & libertarians? They can’t stand social conservatives. Republicans are merely co-belligerents against a common enemy. I agree with this article, but would take it a step further. I think it’s because the way conservatives live and see the world is simply more natural (more aligned with mankind’s evolutionary history), full stop. Conservatives don’t have to continually pretend to be someone they aren’t ,in order to fit in with their group. They don’t have to pretend to care about things they have no reason to care about. They don’t have to pretend to like things they actually don’t like, or pretend to abhor things they actually do like. They don’t have to pretend to want things they really don’t want. They can just be their genuine, authentic selves, so of course they’re a lot happier. This probably also lies at the core of why conservatives are often perceived as being more attractive than liberals, as well. Most people find genuineness and authenticity to be attractive traits, in general. WHY I ADMIRE AND RESPECT THE REAL MEANING OF “LIBERAL.” TRUE ENLIGHTENMENT IS ROOTED IN THE INDIVIDUAL and the original “liberal” understood the liberty of individuality as a divinely bestowed attribute carrying within the soul an inherent safety protection and guidance, particularly against any politically correct mindset outwardly imposed by the state or any collective force; i.e. in other words that protection and guidance is inalienable revelation/intuition, which is the conscious immanent presence and performance for “Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.” Although the PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE was written by a socialist there is an inspiring word expressing the essence of individuality and unity, symbolically implied, “… and for the Republic for which it stands, one nation under GOD, INDIVISIBLE…” You know the rest. “INDIVISIBLE” is that expression. It is like an intimate spirit of similitude attaches the words “individual” and “indivisible” together which only certain like-minded people recognize. Could there be a correlation with “indivisible” meaning the people who are not divided against their selves make up the aggregate of undivided patriots? At least most Americans believe that individual liberty is part and parcel of the American B unlimited university of arkansas, inbred with our conscious genes of the spirit and leaving the deepest imprint on our National Soul. As it still stands today and always will “classical liberalism” is the root of true liberalism. And history cannot be rejected by all. Art gallery internship resume I do not personally believe “classical” is the proper descriptive compound for the spiritual cause of its original progress and design. We need a term to identify with its historically divine upbringing. My choice would be ” Immanent Liberty” or “Immanent Liberalism,” with the suffix (ism) to satisfy the culturally conditioned thinking process. Although retaining the term classical. A more appropriate term for today’s uncivilized leftists using the term[s] liberal would be “Dark Freedomist.” Interestingly, there’s a growing affinity today among certain self-avowed liberals discovering and sharing ties not only in politics and on other common grounds in life but also with spiritual concerns, known by the optimistic fruits of their synthetic spirits. Being somewhat liberal myself I personally believe it has much to do with the law of attraction. Many of them believe the same as I that we all have preservative instincts toward values as well as liberal instincts toward values. And the same discovery of friendship and familiarities must also be true about self-avowed conservatives, other than the ones I personally know. On the contrary, there’s far too many adverse un-American LEFTISTS today wearing the mask of secular liberalism, and blind to it, misusing the word like misnomers with displaced meaning. Belittling the spiritual sovereignty image, likeness, and potential of themselves and others as well, known by their idiosyncrasies of extreme antipathy and hatred. And that doesn’t give them credit. It puts them in their proper place. (And that can not exclude certain self-avowed conservatives who have the same uncivilized qualities and demeanor.) Sadly, we can’t call it positive semantic growth. The changes from recognizing our cultured divine qualities to gradually displacing them with ignorance and secularization were for the worse, and not for the better optimal growth and health for a nation conceived and born with sacred guiding principles. However, one of the brightest rays of hope, shining from enlightened conservatives, liberals, libertarians, moderates or progressives no matter what their mix and brand of ideologies may be can see through the demonization of the uncivilized leftist mentality. Their transforming influences work. “… the term “liberal” has been perverted to mean not the rights of each and every individual citizen, but the supposed rights of one group or another over the rights of individuals.” – ( FJ Rocca, The True Meaning Of Liberalism ) “The term liberty certainly has roots in more ontological and theological discussions. For example, it is a term that references the discussion of free will (and to what extent there is free will, fate, or divine purpose and intervention and such). That is a broad and interesting discussion that is not unrelated to political liberalism and instead shares roots with it. It was either Mill or Locke that noted that the use of the same term for both things (that is, liberty) was unfortunate. I don’t think so though, I think its appropriate and opens the door to interesting discussions that look at different philosophical aspects of the human condition.” – ( Thomas DeMichele ) There will always be those who will truly love and live out those principles forever shining down upon us as heavenly beams of light. Regardless of what hand they must write with, or what ideology they stand by. God loves us all. While generalities do not do justice for the individual, I realize it’s practical application to understanding patterns and correlations and eventually obtaining wisdom from it at a 30K ft view. So with that, I’ll mention a few generalities that might corroborate some ideas in this article. I’ve always thought the differences between libs and cons was very obvious, especially in regards to the values associated with daily priorities and social interaction. Am I allowed to say that worldviews, particularly contrasting atheist/pluralist worldviews vs. Judeo-Christian worldviews easily fleshes itself out (as shown in this article) ? Is it an inaccurate generality to say that liberal mindsets, statistically speaking, lean more towards pluralistic or atheistic moral codes and conservative mindsets lean more towards Judeo-Christian moral codes? If we can be honest and agree that there is a decent correlation (albeit not absolute) between these two moral codes and their political implications, one can easily see why conservatives would be united under social expectations, given that conservatives are generally united under the same source of moral code – the Bible. Meanwhile, liberals are united under “expressing trisakti university jakarta indonesia not able alumni yale exulting differences”, some of those differences being moral in nature. The very concept of atheism suggests that every man adopts for himself whatever is fitting for himself and implies that people are different and can and should live by different systems if desired. The very notion condemns social-oneness and “fitting in”. This is precisely why we can observe atheists that are both conservative and liberal politically (albeit the vast majority liberal) while there are virtually no Christian that would support various liberal positions, such as abortion, for instance, or would at least shamefully and secretly support it for personal benefits because it would go against their own moral code. This is not suggesting that conservatives live by their moral code any better than liberals live by theirs. Tis not true. Hypocrisy is prevalent in both and staying true to one’s own moral priorities is not hinged on social pressure alone. This does, however, suggest where the social & political priorities might come from. The other two things I’ve got to mention then I’m done: “City dwellers usually have bank and insurance accounts…” This sort of comment is telling and springboards my next two points about all of this. Two BIG reasons why liberals and conservatives don’t agree with each other is because. 1) Liberals don’t have the slightest idea what rural, conservative living looks like, much less the facts, interpretations of those facts & the principles used by conservatives to draw the conclusions they do. I’ve seen this in the flesh just how out-of-touch liberals are, particularly “city dwellers”, with the majority of the values, ideas & activities associated with America and conservatism. Not only do liberals not know these things on a comprehensive level but it leads to getting the conservative position wrong and causes liberals to form an inaccurate summary on conservative values and in their anger, conflate the conservative position with something else, usually a malevolent idea, to help “win” the argument. It’s a relentlessly broken record these days. 2) the second reason libs and cons fight all the time is, (not counting the relentless name-calling, false accusations & routine conflation of ideas directed towards those of Judeo-Christian ideals) is precisely because conservatives do have a comprehensive understanding of Leftist ideals and mentality. This is because the Left owns and operates the media and public squares for the most part. Liberal ideas dominate the media and the things our children see and hear from day one of their existence and any attempt conservatives have at fighting this is met with strong, condeming resistance. This implies another subtle but revealing truth: that if you were born after the invention of the internet, you most likely started out as a liberal mind and anyone who claims to be conservative was likely converted to such through much thought, debate & research. We all grow up hearing and knowing the liberal position. To be conservative in this country nowadays, you have to search for it. Atleast acknowledge and respect that the concept of “logos” dominates the conservative movement. Could you imagine how frustrating it would be to have searched for truth, found the albeit unpopular position, and agreed with its premise and interpretation after much research only to find opposition that not only severely misunderstands your lifestyle and values but also wrongly accuses you through conflation of ideas, half-truths and smear campaigns? Would you want to have anything to do with people that did such things to you? Precisely why the red areas are entirely rural and the blue areas are in the top 15-20 cities of america… What I want to see is liberals and conservatives come together and fight this intolerant, Leftist ideology that has almost taken over the DNC and “progressive” politics. I know the world’s problems have not all been solved via this article and the comments that followed. I personally as a conservative have been enlightened by the honesty of the author as well as the ‘constructive’ comments that followed. I don’t agree with everything but who does? That would be weird anyway. So the point of my post is that I feel this kind of dialog needs to happen hundreds of thousands of times. At deeper levels of every single point, we all want the same things. Yes there are those who care only about money and power. Without a doubt this is true. On the liberal side, I honestly don’t even know except something like “Hey you have a lot of money. I deserve some of that.” I am a Christian conservative and from the financial perspective, we are to give at a minimum 10% of our increase to others. And the Bible has no tolerance for laziness. But I’m certain that Jesus cares just as much for those that cannot hold a job for various reasons. We need to care for those that truly can’t work. I read an article a couple years ago called A Bitter Pill, why health care costs are crippling America, published in Time magazine. Something like that anyway. It was a good read. I believe in government health care now. Well honest government healthcare. As long as there are politicians, I’m not sure there will ever be honest healthcare. And certainly if the parties cannot lay things aside and work together to fix this issue. Right now the Dems main focus is to make sure Trump fails. Like cutting off their nose to spite their face. Reps are just as guilty, so I’m not pointing fingers. But come on. Why can’t we as a population start getting smart and realize we are not slaves to Washington. Especially since social media has come into power. But shame on us because we don’t use it constructively. All we care about is defeating the other party. Yes people like you and me. We are not the crooks. We are the victims. The show from Washington is to keep us focused on hating each other so that absolutely nothing ever changes. My point is that in that story two things are revealed. Pharmaceuticals are high because both Dems and Reps have screwed the US on this issue. Do the homework. The healthcare lobby owns both sides of the aisle. Both sides. Because we are so entrenched in our ideologies, those in Washington get the last laugh. Honestly that’s how things work there. Because the media, liberal and conservative keep the issues hot and in our face, well we keep thinking the enemy is the other party. They are your neighbors, your friends, your parents, your kids. Just have a family reunion. The revolution that will survive and cause things to change is the one that surrenders their own objectives for those of others. The only thing that will get Washington to listen and actually trisakti university jakarta indonesia not able alumni yale the people and not special interests is votes and action. I can’t buy anybody so the odds are against me and most every American. But you get 100 Million followers on Facebook or Youtube pounding the drums of change and you’ll make a difference. Just pick those things that are not hard to sell. Like heathcare. Who wants to continue to pay the highest prices on pharmaceuticals for same drugs on the entire planet? I’m replying to my post. I’d like to invite any Dem or Rep to please answer why neither party will tackle pharmecuetical prices. It’s 20% of healthcare cost for every American. This doesn’t seem like much but it’s 100% unnecessary and completely undeserved. The ONLY reason this is the way it is, is because of our elected officials. Do an internet search and ask the question why Americans pay as much as 7 times more for medications. You’ll get some interesting insight. So why are American voters focused on the stupid parties to fix an issue like this and not assigning blame to the source. Lobbies. The healthcare lobby for instance. We sit at home struggling to write check after check to cover medical bills while our elected officials do a bate and switch. Trump “I’m lowering drug costs”…. what a joke. At least Obama didn’t make that a promise. He knew who called the shots. Ta crump is learning. That’s why the new GOP healthcare bill doesn’t do anything to lower costs. Nothing. Once we as Americans realize not every issue is right or left. Not Trump or Hillary. But because people are bought, politicians are bought and parties tom dijkhuizen leiden university bought. Healthcare is probably the biggest single issue in most families. The costs are rising at 15% per year under Obama and they will continue under Trump. I promise you. Please get your eyes off the pawns and on the real puppet masters. it wouldn’t be so completely disgusting if it wasn’t for the hypocrisy. Liberals are supposed to be against shaming women, but they think nothing about calling Melania Trump the most vile names imaginable, talking as if pictures like the ones you see in Vogue are the equivalent of a porno. As a woman myself, it makes me very upset. Besides, didn’t Liberals used to be all about questioning authority? So how come now, anyone that questions Obama is suddenly a bad guy? Obama says he is Christian; Its got to be true. Even though there is no record of a baptism, and he is supposed to be Southern Baptist. Does it matter? Oh yes. Lying to the voters matters very much. When did liberals become so against liberty? You will forgive me, But I simply have no trust of a group of people who have openly stated that the ends justify the means. this way of throwing around generalizations is exactly against the author’s point. it is not productive. What was the thing that caused you to view harmonious behavior in groups as a good thing when you were in China? That’s typically a collectivist thing to favor, isn’t it? So wasn’t that judgement already a sign that you were beginning to embrace the concept of collectivism? Was there a time before that but after you moved to China when you either ran low on money, or maybe was it something about China itself that changed your thinking? Jonathan Haidt talked about how he used to despise conservative thinking himself before he studied in India. I’m wondering if there is something about changing one’s in-group that affects political opinions. Or maybe it’s always being treated as an outsider. What do you think? Applause and admiration to Julianne Weinman and Nigel Assam for their articulation of my thoughts. Approaching 70, I remember being young and idealistic. Somewhere in my 30s, idealism began to be replaced by realism. Today my personal philosophy () clearly isn’t progressive but also isn’t conservative. I suspect there are many more like me. I’m late to this comment section but dropped in to give my full-throated agreement to what Richard Bennett said. I would only add that Caldwell-Harris, like Jonathan Haidt, appears to travel in rarefied circles. Not only is she personally inoculated from the kind of savage anti-choice policies, anti-LGBT bigotry, racist voter suppression, attacks on the social safety net, environmental injustice (remember Katrina and the shoddy response by the Bush administration?), etc., but she seems unaware of the many, many progressives who are on the front lines of trying to give real support to struggling people in their day-to-day existence. Abortion clinic escorts, the Moral Monday activists in NC, the people who are bringing supplies to the undocumented kids stranded in Tucson (while the conservatives here in AZ grouse about “what part of ILLEGAL don’t they understand. ”) are hardly engaging in abstract intellectual exercises. Much of the charity I see conservatives engaging in involves a lot of preening, moralizing, dishonesty, and many strings attached for the recipients (“crisis pregnancy centers” are a perfect example of this). I’d say Caldwell-Harris’ personal conclusions stem less from real insight than from being the “favorite liberal” of the conservatives she socializes with. This comment was a lot better than the article. A very brave thing to wade into such a contentious debate! Thanks for getting us started on an airing of our views. My parents were conservative and now, in my 60’s, I find that I am more liberal than any of the people I associate with. I have grown more liberal as I have found out more about the real world. 1) Perhaps people confuse liberal with libertarian? or libertine? Personal freedom, while important, is not a core value of liberal thought. Liberal, as in the term “liberal arts,” refers to what a free person should enjoy or study. Liberalism is about supporting people in their personal development. Liberalism is a generosity towards others, especially others in need and that are not “in group” members. Also, liberals do not make such support dependent on narrow judgement of character. 2)Respect for authority, purity and allegiance to an “in-group” are not liberal values because they are not universal values. They are just personal and parochial. Seems to me that a necessary condition for a value to achieve the rubric “moral” is that it ought to be embraced by everyone. Fairness and doing no harm are such values. The additional “conservative” values are certainly human, but not moral values. (See Kant regarding universality of moral dicta) 3)There is nothing in liberalism that would undercut warm and supportive behavior toward others-whether family or strangers. Liberals suggest that we should attempt to make the best of and see the best in each other. The suggestion that liberals want to use “other people’s money” (i.e. rich people’s) is a simplistic and misleading commonplace. Liberals recognize the futility or piecemeal charity in the face of systemic need. Only an organized system of charitable giving could succeed in addressing real need. Peter Singer has some thought-provoking ideas on how much and who should be giving. Would love to see such reforms get more exposure. 4) Improving sentence structures for academic writing conservatives are happier than liberals because conservatives are not devoted to the kind of deep excursions into matters that liberals are known for. Common sense palliatives seem to satisfy the epistemic needs of conservatives. That is why it is not much fun to engage a conservative in conversation. Either they simply insist on the correctness of their views or they refuse to really engage at all in an open discussion. In the many hours I’ve wasted listening to Limbaugh I’ve never once observed that he gave liberals a chance to fairly and completely express their views. 5) University professors are disproportionately liberal because liberals are, for the most part, interested in truth, not happiness. It is easy, for instance, to feel good when you believe that you deserve your good fortune and that there is no obligation to share your wealth. I don’t see much warm-hearted, engaging, caring elements in conservatives. I would not wish to be a houseguest of such a person (and I guess there is little danger that I ever will!) because I believe their “caring” comes with the caveat that I should be useful to them. I would, however like to converse with an open-minded conservative-just haven’t found one yet. Dear Mr. Bennett, I appreciate our difference and even though I wanted to read your entire reply, I stopped at liberals team and superb conversion casinoservice org staffan on personal freedom. It is difficult for me to understand foregoing freedom for a collective thought. History has shown that any attempt for collective thought has resulted in mass murder and unspeakable carnage as well a financial riches for those who have successfully persuaded others to follow. I am neither conservative or liberal…. I am a free thinking human who chooses to make my own decisions and who chooses not to follow a morality that subjugates my morality. I feel the exact same way you do… except from the exact opposite side. I am about as far right as you can get. I am always so frustrated watching two liberals trisakti university jakarta indonesia not able alumni yale with two conservatives on TV not getting anywhere. I have said for years, I would love to debate a liberal and have an intelligent conversation without the yelling. Every time I have a conversation with someone who comes to the left, they don’t seem to have the intellect or the life experience to keep up with the conversation. I have always been conservative and the more life and business experience I get, it just solidifies by beliefs. I don’t need to debate over theory or something I just heard on TV, I have real life to prove what is right and what is wrong. As evidence of lack of respect for truth, this excerpt from Rush Limbaugh’s take on the Chris Christie GW Bridge affair: “It’s just every Republican who has entered the fray defending Christie has to put a caveat out there ‘if he’s telling the truth.’ Now, if there were a fervent ideological foundation, if there was a substantive reason of believing in Governor Christie, then whether he lied wouldn’t matter. They’d be out there defending him left and right just to make sure the Democrats don’t get away with this.” I’d just like to point out an additional fact. Conservatives donate more money to charity than liberals, according to several things I’ve read. We are happy to give our money to people and organizations that we believe need it, while liberals want to give our money to whomever THEY think needs it. As far as financial inequality is concerned, the constitution guarantees equal opportunity, not equal wealth. Most very rich people started out not rich and worked hard to get university of paris 1 pantheon-sorbonne website translator very few inherit their wealth. Why are we supposed to begrudge hard workers their wealth? I retired early and have been relatively poor ever since. It was my choice, and I am happy for others to work long, long hours and become rich. Ms. Caldwell-Harris, I’m moved to write to you because of a feeling of disappointment. I know that Bostonia is a liberal magazine, but when I read the title of your article “How a liberal learned to respect conservative thinking….” I felt a sense of glee. My niece is a liberal and I felt that perhaps I could send a copy of this article to her so that we could find common ground. But no. What was veiled as a thoughtful journey of a liberal who “learned to respect conservative thinking,” is instead a condescending, twisted dissertation about some vague theoretical nonsense based on superficial stereotyping that is typical of social psychology taught in universities today. Whether people say “I love you,” or believe that teaching their children to work critical thinking creativity Taunton School after-school jobs is good for them or not is a cultural issue rather than an example of political or social liberalism or conservatism. Such confusion of the disciplines immediately made me realize your article was a disguised attack. The years you spent holding conservative values in contempt say a lot about your own biases and state of misinformation. You intimate that conservatives “don’t care about global warming.” I find that superficial. The global warming debate is very scientific and detailed……what one believes about the science is based on how well-read you are on the topic. CARING is not what the debate is about; but too many times I have witnessed liberals using emotionalism to muddy the waters in debates. Do conservatives “exploit and vilify immigrants?” That may be your interpretation of a conservative’s belief in would you do me id do me rule of law and in keeping Americans safe at our borders. Again an emotional response to an intellectual debate. I found your words to be packed with emotion and irrational ideas. Like this one: “Do conservatives dismiss those living in poverty?” I think you watched the movie “A Christmas Carol” one too many times. All conservatives are not Scrooges, but government waste is out of control and the number of people on welfare and the amount of money that is obtained by fraud and the misuse of the welfare system is well-known. A conservative’s concerns about this waste and fraud is not a dismissal of the poor. So what are you talking about? I was a liberal once. Even though I never had purple hair, I rebelled against authority. I was against patriarchy, racism and I was critical of my country in Vietnam. I wore no bra and supported myself after divorce. I learned many valuable lessons since then. I learned that even though my parents took conservatism a bit too far, their core values were right. I learned that even liberals can rule in a way that curtails individual expression, e.g., the wave of political correctness fostered by liberal media and bias. Enforcing overarching authority is what’s going on in our administration today. Our President is ruling by executive privilege instead of respecting and using the democratic process, but I don’t hear the liberal press or liberal political leaders standing up for the American people against the dictates of a few. And conservatives are not the “hoarders” you imply that we are. We believe in giving to worthy causes and in teaching people to fish rather than giving away resources to those who will “milk” the system and never learn to fend for themselves. How did you feel watching the IRS employees enjoying expensive parties on taxpayer dollars? I was disgusted and felt used. When will liberals realize that government has grown too big, powerful and greedy? Are conservatives happier than liberals? Well, in your article you say that liberals are “less socially astute and less attuned to the needs of others….etc.” I think that again belies your prejudice and simplistic thinking. I find many liberals may just suffer from sloppy thinking and use abstraction as an excuse to inflame emotions as a weapon in an intellectual debate. Liberals should be very happy today because their ideas are being forced on all of us with no regard for fairness or the impact on our form of government, the economy, or our standing in the world. Which system is better? I think the founders of our country and our Constitution had it right. They were visionaries. No other country in the world has a better system. We started out as revolutionaries and perhaps the truth lies in the idea of adaptation and evolution. We have to adapt to the times and maybe the time is now for a new revolution. One that reinforces conservative values and exposes liberalism for what it is: guilt-ridden idealistic utopianism with the Robin Hood approach to redistribution of wealth, which has destroyed our economy. Communist countries have been there, done that. I’ll take America, thank you. Julianne Weinmann Boston University Graduate, BS, magna cum laude, SED, 1973. Nigel, you’re still talking about points on which liberals and conservatives disagree (should the wealthy pay more taxes). Can we get to a new place by discussing the issues on which most liberals and conservative agree? One of these agreements is that most people would prefer to live in a country where wealth is distributed more equally than is the situation in the U.S. Can conservative ideals, such as minimizing government involvement, be used to move the country in the direction that most Americans (including most conservatives) favor? Other cultures have found ways to push back against wealth inequality without government involvement. Some traditional cultures use shaming as a way to reduce inequalities. Wealthy individuals who show off their wealth are mocked and humiliated. Such mocking frequently works well to prevent egregious inequality (of course there is always some inequality). Re: One of these agreements is that most people would prefer to live in a country where wealth is distributed more equally than is the situation in the U.S. Can conservative ideals, such as minimizing government involvement, be used to move the country in the direction that most Americans (including most conservatives) favor? I would suggest that any conversation about this issue specify exactly what we’re talking about. A CEO vs a janitor? A 3rd grade teacher vs a computer programmer at Apple? Private vs public employees? I think government is a big part of the problem in that people/corporations with the big bucks can have far more influence that the guy working for minimum wage at the grocery store. Even as a union worker, the union comes first. Could a flat tax possibly reduce that influence inequality? Education. Inner city and rural schools often offer a substandard education. Why such a rebellion against charter/home schools? A bad education can (not always) substantially reduce opportunity equality. As for other cultures finding ways to push back against wealth inequality without government involvement. Is shaming and mocking really effective? Probably not. It may reduce the flaunting of wealth, but that does not reduce a bank balance. And if it works at all, it would probably only work in small groups or with just a few individuals. In the United States I see it as mean and disrespectful. Clinton’s basket of deplorables turned out not to be helpful. Thanks for the read. I especially enjoyed the comments. I do believe we are discussing an issue which (most) liberals and conservatives can agree on – the expansion of university of paris 1 pantheon-sorbonne website translator middle class and the increase in wealth for all. (You will always have some inequality, trisakti university jakarta indonesia not able alumni yale in wealth and there will always be the poor). The disagreement is how to achieve this goal. I do not think that conservatives are calling for non-governmental involvement at all in some things. There are people who genuinely need social assistance, but it should not be a lifestyle that carries on for generations. Again, I ask, how is the government to distribute wealth? What statistics will they use to inform them of equal distribution and when it is achieved? And what is equal distribution of wealth? When that happens, are we then to live in a static economy? Will there be no upward mobility? This is, in effect, government control. I do not believe in flaunting one’s wealth; it is bad manners, to say the least. But why should we shame others if they have worked hard and decide to buy a large house, a big yacht, a fancy sports car, and fashionable accessories? Why put a stigma or a scarlet letter upon someone who has worked hard, or even on those who inherited wealth, just because they can afford a lifestyle others would like to achieve? The root cause of such shaming is envy. I don’t believe in mocking anyone for his or her wealth. If wealth is flaunted, that’s the other person’s choice. And what is flaunting of one’s wealth? Just because a person buys a yacht, a big house etc., that does not mean he or she is flaunting wealth. It is how the person carries himself or herself, and how he or she treats the poor among us that is more important. And we never know how much that person may be giving to the poor behind his or her wealth. I suspect that the real reason liberals are less happy is simple: the focus on fairness and justness caused them to see everything that is wrong in the world. To them the world is a place that needs fixing and is never good enough. Nigel, But liberals most definitely do regard the Republican Party as having enacted legislation to help the successful keep their money; and “conservatives” are identified by liberals as republicans, even though websites like this one criticize the GOP: What should be done about the highly unequal distributions of wealth in this country? This video documents it; other experts identify that it is precisely legislation that has created this enormous inequality — but neither conservatives nor liberals endorse this (and 9 australia pay for research paper buy term papers online of 10 Americans are shocked by it). So this is a point of agreement between conservatives and liberals (apparently). I know that liberals regard the Republican Party as having enacted legislation to help the successful keep more of their money. But who is to determine “wealth”? Legislation that allows for all people who work to keep more of their earnings, whether liberal or conservative, Republican or Democrat, is rather fair, for lack of a better way of putting it. (The Republican Party is not a conservative party; it is a political party. The essence of conservatism is explained by Russell Kirk here – ) Democrats have the support of most of the entertainment industry – actors, producers, directors, musicians, et al. As well, you’ve got billionaires such as Larry Ellison, Bill Gates, George Soros, Peter Lewis, and Warren Buffett. The myth that the Republican Party is the party of the rich is just that. The Democratic Party can also be considered the party of the rich. Both parties have wealthy supporters. If wealth is to be had by more, the best way to do so is to allow for the wealthy – whether Democrat-leaning or Republican-leaning – to be able to create jobs. We must allow for an environment in which creation is valued. Jobs will be created when the wealthy invest in businesses and start-ups if they believe they will not be taxed heavily for doing so, and they believe they can keep the rewards of what they have risked. But legislation to cut taxes does not favor only the wealthy; it favors all Americans who pay taxes. This is a good thing. If I, who am in no way wealthy, am allowed to keep more of what I earn, I will save it, invest it, donate to a charity, or whatever I choose to do with it. All Americans would be free to do so. That is the most logical common problems in writing ethical way to accomplish “wealth distribution.” In the video, a CEO is portrayed as earning a whole lot more than the average worker. But it is the shareholders in a company who decides if the CEO is worth his salary. He also has a great deal more responsibility than the average worker, and so must be compensated accordingly. Shall we, as a society, decree that the government should put a limit on how much someone in the private sector earns? What number is the limit? Ask someone who makes $2 million if he thinks he’s wealthy; he may answer no. There is always someone making more. If the government declares that $250,000 is cutoff, what is the determining factor? If the government then decides to tax earnings $250,000 and above, but find that they need more, they will necessarily go down to $100,000. It will continue downward. The wealthy already pay a large share in taxes, almost 40%. I enjoyed reading this article very much and congratulate the author on her honesty and courage in admitting certain prejudices, and her newfound patience to engage others with whom she might disagree politically. We often look at the other person as a political person, instead of a human being, neglecting the human behind the words. (I have been guilty of that.) I interact with many people with whom I disagree politically, but we have other interests that go beyond politics. The late William F. Buckley was famous for having friends of the opposite political persuasion. The author stated in her article that she held in contempt those conservative values such as not believing in global warming, unequal treatment of men and women, exploiting and vilifying immigrants, etc. I would respond that those are not conservative values, neither are they liberal values if you believe in global warming, you treat women and men equally, etc. They are human values, treating people with dignity. As for global warming, for me, it is a question of the honesty of the “settled science”, not a conservative-liberal value. Conservatives do not dismiss those living in poverty, nor do they enact legislation to help the successful keep their money. I do not even think of those two actions as either conservative or liberal. It is a belief that if one works hard and earns his or her own money, one ought to be able to enjoy the fruits of his or her labor, as the saying goes. Of course, taxes must be paid, but it is the amount that is the crux of the issue. Many conservatives do want to help the poor and believe that a job – the discipline of work – is the best way to better one’s self. There are many who do genuinely need some form of government and community support, and there are many conservatives who donate both time and money to certain church or neighborhood organizations to help the poor. Edmund Burke, considered by many to be the father of modern conservatism, would never have called himself a conservative, and I do not think the appellation existed in his lifetime, at least in the way how we understand it now. He would have considered himself a classical liberal. Classical liberalism is the mother of what is considered traditional conservatism (the strain I myself adhere to). Milton Friedman, the highly respected economist, considered himself a classical liberal. T.S. Eliot has a well-known quote: “Conservatism is too often the conservation of the wrong things, Liberalism a relaxation of discipline; revolution a denial of the permanent things.” I just read with great interest your Bostonia piece “How a Liberal….” Although now employed trisakti university jakarta indonesia not able alumni yale a heath care analyst, I was trained in anthropology and have often found myself dismissing much of academic psychology as too thoroughly ensconced in Western European assumptions about human relationships and evaluative processes. Your work is remarkably refreshing! Your article brought two trains of thought to mind: A few years ago, while my wife and I were traveling through Cambodia, we had sadly too many conversations with individuals who had lost family members during the Pol Pot “Killing Fields” era. I always asked them how they coped with their grief, and whether they sought out any therapy or counseling. The answer was not even a ‘no,’ but a total lack of comprehension of why an individual would do such a thing. In their world-view, traumatic events were to be transcended via spirituality and meditation. Their Buddhist teachings set as life’s goal to move on to a higher plane, not to fall backwards to a place of pain. Were they to speak to anyone, it would most likely be a Buddhist monk who could advise them in ways to strengthen their focus on what is to come, rather than what has already happened. I was struck by how different this approach is from the endless delving into past emotions and memories that is commonplace in psychotherapy here in the US. I also wish to offer you a counterexample of how Americans with liberal views can in fact have characteristics similar to those you ascribe to conservatives. But first let me say that in general I do not take issue with your observations. Here in the Northeast, many of those who share my progressive views could easily fit into the mold you describe. However, we also maintain a residence in Hawaii, and I would argue that folks in our community there (a mix of locals, Japanese, Portuguese, and haoles) are a definite counter case. Their politics are quite liberal. Obama is a native son, and remains very popular. Their views on issues like reproductive choice, same-sex marriage, and environmentalism are very similar to the more liberal elements of New England. Our Hawaiian neighbors, however, are at the same time very patriotic (best July 4 parades I’ve ever seen), and possess as their strongest core value ‘ohana’ (family) above careerism or material gain. Many, many extended families pack up their tents and head off to a beach park every weekend to spend time camping with brothers, sisters, and their kids. They thoroughly embrace the overarching importance of family and group belonging that you describe. And I would argue that they’re pretty darn happy! Anyway, thanks for the thought-provoking article. I’m glad to see psychology is broadening its perspective. I suggest people read Chis Hedges’ book review on Jonathan Haidt’s book. Here is the link to the review: The main problem I have with people like Haidt is they attempt to take labels, “conservative” and “liberal,” and give them singular meaning, or for that matter, any meaning at all. It is the 24/7 version of MSNBC v. Fox, in which every idea is a manifestation of “liberal” or “conservative” thinking. The labels are intended to polarize and define which “team” the viewer needs to support. Less thinking, more emotion. The labels “liberal” and “conservative” are akin to the labels “capitalism” and “socialism.” They are emotionally charged words intended to heard the masses one way or another. Single payer, food stamps, low income housing are labeled “socialism” to create a lightening rod of opposition amongst Republican followers. But do you ever hear anyone call fire departments an example of “socialism”? No, because the political elite have no interest in condemning a group we in fact are taught to revere. There are so many other examples of “ism” labels–environmentalism, communism, feminism, etc.–that are used to accomplish the same thing. Make sure people stick to their emotional formation of opinions and fail to engage in any critical thinking. The reality is we need more thinking about policies, not less. And those who think less about NIMBY issues are in fact the problem. My greatest fear is the failure to develop critical thinking of institutions that have, quite frankly, failed us. Blind allegiance to the “tribe” is very dangerous. Is believing the myth of war rather than the reality of war a “liberal” or “conservative” ideal? And if you believe in the myth of war, are you a happier person than the person who attempts to understand the reality? And is being happier by believing the myth a good thing for the hundreds of thousands of dead/wounded Americans/civilians in foreign countries who have suffered because of the perpetuation of this myth? What we really need in this country is a huge dose of critical thinking about institutions that have failed us. The military industrial complex, NSA, private health insurers, private financial industry, corporate CEOs, Congress, etc., care little about society and a whole lot about their own special interests. The folks that head these institutions care not about society as a whole, but their own special interests, typically financial interests. Haidt may have identified the problem, but he offers no solution. Going along to get along is not a virtue, but the foundation of every problem we have faced in the past, and will face in the future. Thanks for making me think. I loved reading this! As a liberal living in a tiny community of southern conservatives, I’ve had just this kind of conversation. After the election last year, I stood at the end of a red-dirt road and talked for half an hour about the election with one of my neighbors. The big picture, global concerns of the liberals seem so out of touch with the day-to-day realities of living very far from fuel stations, transportation access, health care, internet access, and a vast pool of information options. It doesn’t help that liberals appear to reject family by living so far away from each other, while the close proximity of family is how conservatives survive. Even the idea of a farmer’s market seems so left-wing and almost laughable. Why would you need a farmer’s market when everyone already exchanges and shares the bounties of their fields? Paul, thanks for the pointer to that special issue on the the biology of cultural conflict. I assume you mean the first article, with the finding “that greater orientation to aversive stimuli tends to be associated with right-of-centre and greater orientation to appetitive (pleasing) stimuli with left-of-centre political inclinations.” This doesn’t necessarily negate survey findings that conservatives report being happier. Still, at the least it makes the point that my brief paragraph is over-simplified. My hope is that readers who feel that this can’t be the full story will delve deeper into the topic. All are invited to post here their ideas about why there appear to be several types of patterns of correlations between political ideology, physiology, and self-report data.