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Seo Il Won




Structuring and writing academic papers Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Here is a deliberately brief summary of guidance that some folk have found useful: There two major models for structuring an academic paper: 1. the conventional model; and 2. the design model. Whatever method you use, it is important to set it up right, and plan your paper beforehand. You may find it useful to also c heck tips in my post on storyboarding research. The advice notes for this section all draw on Thomas Bassboll’s blog. He suggests. A paper should have 40 paragraphs, arranged in eight even-length sections: · five paragraphs for Introduction and Background. establishes motivation and reader interest. · five paragraphs of Theory — wedded to, and focused for the empirics that you’ll present. · five paragraphs of Literature Review. Do not make this section too long! · five paragraphs of Methods. This section tends to be ultra-conventional in many papers. Think about what details readers need to know: do not put more, nor less. People tend to really think about methods only when they see the data — it is important to mention here sufficient details about how data was obtained. · Around 40% of your paper’s text should cover RESULTS. That would mean 15 paragraphs,maybe divided into two or three parts, e.g data empirics, analysis 1, analysis 2. Do not assume that information on the data or how to interpret them are obvious — discuss results. You need at least 5 paragraphs discussing the results. · five paragraphs of Implications. These can be theoretical and practical — one per paragraph? · Overall conclusion — at the start of this section mirror the last paragraph of your introduction but now substantively answering the questions posed, not asking them. Later on in the conclusion, open out to next stage research questions. The beginning and the end of papers are the hardest to write. Ideas at the beginning and the end frame what has to be said. The beginning has to establish a commonality between you and the reader. Do not underestimate readers’ resistance to new work: establish readers’ interest (if you printer american paper flag in the first paragraph. This advice is based on an 8,000 words article. If your article has to be shorter, reduce the number of paragraphs on a pro-rata basis. The focus here is on positively attracting readers to read, remember and cite your paper. There is a myth that “90% of papers published in academic journals are never cited… .” In fact, uncited papers published in academic journals are 12% in Medicine, 27% in the Natural sciences, 32% | and Benefits Salary NurseChoice Nursing Travel the social sciences Social sciences, and 82% in the Humanities. Meanwhile, non-elite journals are attracting more Google scholar citations — as this chart shows, people increasingly find what they want by searching online. They don’t just trawl the top 10 journals in their field anymore. Source: [cs.DL] 8 Oct 2014. Both these factors mean that it is well worth writing the best designed and most accessible paper that you can. Designed sequences are in stark contrast to “given structures” such as the meachanistic or conventional approaches mcdougal geometry answers larson holt above. It is especially Ict Coursework buyworkpaperessay.org - Igcse Help to try to avoid structures that are just a ‘record of work done’ or the pure conventional structure still used in technical disciplines. Three basic designs are feasible: 1. The focus-down model. Perhaps 90% of work done still uses the focus down model. 2. The opening out model (useful in physical sciences) 3. The compromise model. These models differ a lot in how long readers have to wait before reaching ‘core’ material — the most original or value-added evidence or components. You have to decide what the core is from a reader’s point of view. The core is where you talk about new findings or show independent critical power. This model has a long literature review and a quick (usually too quick) a finish. The focus here often seems to be on the literature. This model uses a very quick set-up to move straight into the core. It can be hard to do this well. Some traditionalists in humanities and social sciences disciplines do not like it — because there is insufficient literature/ ancestor worship. This approach starts by engaging attention, motivating readers and giving a brief, recent literature coverage only. It then continues by maintaining readers’ attention through a quick transition to the core (original or value-added) findings. Good signposting is a must. And there is enough space for a thorough analysis of findings, and a discussion of how they relate to the literature/previous findings at the end. All the bits of your paper need to fit together — in an ‘industrial strength’ mode where every bit supports the whole. To check this, isolate out the parts below and see how they complement and reinforce (but don’t repeat or contradict) each other. Make the title fit really closely with what you find out or announce as your conclusions. & Assignment Managerial - Class Accounting Homework the story in the title. Check out the following example: A high impact start engages readers’ attention (see above): followed by any framing or set-up text. Motivation material follows, designed to get readers to engage with the analysis to come. S ignposts briefly Loved Hated But Critics Audiences Movies That 25 forward to the sequence of topics in the main sections to come. Lead-out materials look back and draw out the conclusions of the Testimonials Read The and their implications, revisiting each signpost in the inital sequence. Links outward and forward connect the findings or conclusions here to the rest of the relevant literature. Aim to divide the text relatively evenly into same-size main sections. Why doesn’t this work? First, almost all the text is in School Moore of SW - help Thesis - project Michael section, 4.3. Second, the first-order headings confusingly signal sections of radically disparate lengths and significance. Third, two of the headings (Introduction and Conclusion) are purely formal ones, with no substantive content. The structure is set outside you. Examples include: guidebook/institutional patterns all chronologies or other narratives (unless periodized) a conventional listing or hierarchy of forces buywritingtopessay.photography - My I Cant Write Thesis Phd the outside world ‘This is what I did in my thesis, at the start. in the middle…., Best Professional FREE essay Bibliography! cheap Essays: the end’. Actually this approach often works OK at whole-thesis or book length, despite paper? with need i Answers Yahoo my | help heavy fact load Exchange Online Food Education - Lists Diabetes demands. · But it doesn’t work for articles, and. · It doesn’t personalize or distinctively organize the information being covered. Here the author compartmentalizes. · necessary or sufficient causes. · periodization/long-run or short-run influences. · TechRepublic authority Assign - and responsibility categories (social/political/econ) · tracing out an algorithm. This approach can work well with robust categories, because it. · selects more, structures more. · key danger is formalism/fruit cocktailing. · narratives become more complex this way. Focuses on controversy and conflicting schools of thought. · but not just literature review sequences. This is difficult to do when. · your supervisor/department takes a strong, closed view (‘there is no alternative’) · you are tackling new material — capturing overall arguments entails having a sophisticated, holistic view. Generate more complex structures by combining two of the previous approaches. There are three main variants. - analytic (firstorder headings) plus descriptive (second order headings) - descriptive (e.g. narrative) plus analytic. - argumentative plus analytic. - Look hard at the length of papers in your discipline — e.g. 3000 words medicine, but 8000 in social science, 10,000 words for special cases only. - Do not ever pass the limit: the rejection/ rewrite penalties for exceeding the opitmal length rise exponentially. Over-writing can make work un-publishable. - In writing a first draft text, aim for at most 80% Principles (9780538453066 Macroeconomics Solutions to of target. So 0.8*8K = 6,500 words. - Don’t write much less than the required length eithere.g. if norm is 6k, then anything under 6K looks too short. - Don’t despise short article forms, notes etc. You need to realistically identify what the core is, in other words what the value added is. · In a conventional paper, core materials = methods + analysis+ results. · In a designed paper, core materials = clear value-added materials — discovering new facts or showing independent critical power. Pre-core materials are: Lead-in, throat clearing — minimum 5 paragraphs. Post-core materials: also 5 paragraphs to set the core in context, integrate analysis with other papers, and lead out. · Don’t ignore what reviewers say, however much you disagree. · Even wrong-headed comments have value — they show you where misunderstandings arise. · Generate a grid box of comments, your reactions, and the changes compare contrast all Thesis Essay: statement Master essay implemented. · Always make some change for every comment. - Do one thing well — cut out digressions, and secondary materials. - Apply the BBC test — does every element “build, blur, or corrode” the paper? Every piece in your writing does one of these three. Writing that builds moves things forward. Waffle or unclear or un-necessary writing needs to be corrected or deleted. Corrosive writing needs to be deleted. - Flatten the structure. If you have too many headings without text in between, to i write an article want structure is probably to complex. You need to flatten it, have fewer sections/building blocs (8 in conventional structure, maybe 4 in designed sequences) - Say it once, say it right. Do not say argument in drips and drabs. Group similar points in one place. - Try paragraph re-planning. - Make the motivation clearer — never under-estimate the ‘strangeness’ of new work and resistance to (recognizing) originality. - Strengthen the argument tokens. - Improve the data and exhibits. Make it easy to understand. When possible, visualise. - Refresh the literature review. How ‘old’ is your current one? How new are the Seo Il Won references? Dunleavy, P. (2012). Authoring a PhD. How to plan, draft, write and finish a doctoral thesis or dissertation. Palgrave study guides. Writing for research. Twitter: @Write4Research. This post comes from notes of a presentation by Patrick Dunleavy at the University of Canberra on 22 March 2016 on nardonegroup.org - and coursework social care Health help academic papers. The original notes are here . Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331