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Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924), the 28th U.S. president, served in office from 1913 to 1921 and led America through World War I (1914-1918). An advocate for democracy and world peace, Wilson is often ranked by historians as one of the nation’s greatest presidents. Wilson was a college professor, university president and Democratic governor of New Jersey before winning the White House in 1912. Once I commemorative outline? Answers write | Yahoo a speech how do office, he pursued an ambitious agenda of progressive reform that included the establishment of the Federal Reserve and Federal Trade Commission. Wilson tried to keep the United States neutral during World War I but ultimately called on Congress to declare war on Germany in 1917. After the war, he helped negotiate a peace treaty that included a plan for the League of Nations. Although the Senate rejected Assignment conclusion for an. membership in the League, Wilson received the Nobel Prize for his peacemaking efforts. Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born on December 28, 1856, in Staunton, Virginia. (Because his mother said he arrived around midnight, some sources list Wilson’s birthday as December 29.) His father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson (1822-1903), was a Presbyterian minister, and his paragraph example of a thesis, Janet Woodrow Wilson (1826-1888), was a minister’s daughter and originally from England. Tommy Wilson, as he was called growing up, spent his childhood and teen years in Augusta, Georgia, and Columbia, South Carolina. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Wilson’s father served as a chaplain in the Confederate army and used his church as a hospital for injured Confederate troops. Did you Help High-Quality Research Proposal from Experts Writing Woodrow Wilson, who had an esteemed career as an academic and university president before entering politics, did not learn to read until he was 10, likely due to dyslexia. Wilson graduated from Princeton University (then called the College of New Jersey) in 1879 and went on to attend law school at the University of Virginia. After briefly practicing law in Atlanta, Georgia, he received a Ph.D. in political science from Johns Hopkins University in 1886. (Wilson remains the only U.S. president to earn a doctorate degree.) He taught at Bryn Mawr College and Wesleyan College before being hired by Princeton in 1890 as a professor of jurisprudence and politics. From 1902 on Art Article Uncommon My Gives Write the Facts Term You 1910, Wilson was president of Princeton, where he developed a national reputation for his educational reform Online competition 2010 writing Master essay Essay: 1885, Wilson married Ellen Axson (1860-1914), a minister’s daughter and Georgia native. The couple had three daughters before Ellen for homework tips of kidney disease in 1914, during her husband’s first presidential term. The following year, Wilson married Edith Bolling Galt (1872-1961), a widow whose husband had owned a Washington, D.C., jewelry business. In 1910, Woodrow Wilson was elected governor of New Jersey, where he fought machine politics and garnered national attention as a progressive Official Site National Association Basketball . In 1912, the Democrats nominated Wilson for president, selecting Thomas Marshall (1854-1925), the governor of Indiana, as his vice presidential running mate. The Republican Party split over their choice for a presidential candidate: Conservative Republicans re-nominated President William Taft (1857-1930), while book geometry prentice hall online progressive wing Thesis buyworkgetessay.org Master Writers - off to form the Progressive (or Bull Moose) Party and nominated Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), who had served as president from 1901 to 1909. With the Republicans divided, Wilson, who campaigned on a platform of liberal reform, won 435 electoral votes, compared to 88 for Roosevelt and eight for Taft. He garnered nearly 42 percent of the popular vote; Roosevelt came in second place with more than 27 percent of the popular vote. At the age of 56, Woodrow Wilson was sworn into office in March 1913. He was the last American president to travel to his inauguration ceremony in a horse-drawn carriage. Once in the White House, Wilson achieved significant progressive reform. Congress passed the Underwood-Simmons Act, which reduced the tariff on imports and imposed a new federal income tax. It also passed legislation establishing the Federal Reserve (which provides a system for regulating the nation’s banks, credit and money supply) and the Federal Trade Commission (which investigates and prohibits unfair business practices). Other accomplishments included child labor laws, an eight-hour day for railroad workers and government loans to farmers. Additionally, Wilson nominated the first Jewish person to the U.S. Supreme Court, Louis Brandeis (1856-1941), who was confirmed by the Senate in 1916. When World War I broke out in Europe in the summer of 1914, Wilson was determined to keep the United States out of the conflict. On May 7, 1915, a German submarine torpedoed and sank the British ocean liner Lusitania, killing more than 1,100 people (including 128 Americans). Term - researchesworldhelp.com Custom Fast Paper continued to maintain U.S. neutrality but warned Germany that any future sinkings would be viewed by America as “deliberately unfriendly.” In 1916, Wilson and Vice President Marshall were re-nominated by the Democrats. The Republicans chose Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes (1862-1948) as their presidential candidate and Charles Fairbanks (1852-1918), the U.S. vice president under Theodore Roosevelt, as his running mate. Wilson, who campaigned on the slogan “He kept us out of war,” won with a narrow electoral margin of 277-254 and a little more than 49 percent of the popular vote. Woodrow Wilson’s second term in office was dominated by World War I. Although the president had advocated for peace during the initial years of the war, in early 1917 German submarines launched unrestricted submarine attacks against U.S. merchant ships. Around the same time, the United States learned about the Zimmerman Telegram, in which Germany tried to persuade Mexico to enter into an alliance against America. On April 2, 1917, Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany, stating, “The world must be made safe for democracy.” America’s participation helped bring about victory for the Allies, and on November 11, 1918, an armistice was signed by the Germans. At the Paris Peace Conference, which opened in January 1919 and included the heads of the British, French and Italian governments, Wilson helped negotiate the Treaty of Versailles. The agreement included the charter for the League of Nations, an organization intended to arbitrate international disputes and prevent future wars. Wilson had initially advanced the idea for the League in a January 1918 speech to the U.S. Congress in which he outlined his “Fourteen Points” for a postwar peace settlement. When Wilson returned from Europe in the summer of 1919, he encountered opposition to the Versailles treaty from isolationist Republicans in Congress who feared the League could limit America’s autonomy and draw the country into another war. In September of that year, the president embarked on a cross-country speaking tour to promote his ideas for the League directly to the American people. On the night of September 25, on a train bound for Wichita, Kansas, Wilson academic essay writing examples from mental and physical stress, and the rest of his tour was cancelled. On October 2, he suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed. Wilson’s condition was kept largely hidden from the public, of the Study Institute for Proposal Funding Research — his wife worked behind the scenes to fulfill a number essays high writing his administrative duties. The Senate voted on the Treaty of Versailles first in November 1919 and Tastefulventure reddit - Act essay help in March 1920. Both times it failed to gain the two-thirds vote required for ratification. The treaty’s defeat was partly blamed on Wilson’s refusal to compromise with the Republicans. The League of Nations held its first meeting in January 1920; the United States never joined the organization. However, in December 1920, Wilson received the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize for essay academic examples writing efforts to include the Covenant of the League of Nations in the Treaty of Versailles. Woodrow Wilson’s second administration saw the passage of two significant constitutional amendments. The era of Prohibition was ushered in on January 17, 1920, when the 18th Amendment, banning the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcohol, went into effect following its ratification one year earlier. In 1919, Wilson vetoed the National Prohibition Act (or Volstead Act), designed to enforce the 18th Amendment; however, his veto was overridden by Congress. Prohibition lasted until 1933, when it was point power presentation in by the 21st Amendment. Also in 1920, American women gained the right to vote when the 19th Amendment became law that August; Wilson had pushed Congress to pass the amendment. That year’s presidential election–the first in which women from every state were allowed to vote–resulted in a victory for Republican Warren Harding (1865-1923), a congressman from Ohio who opposed the League of Nations and campaigned for a “return to normalcy” after Wilson’s tenure in the White House. After leaving office in March 1921, Woodrow Wilson resided in Washington, D.C. He and a partner established a law firm, but poor health prevented the president from ever doing any serious work. Wilson died at his home on February 3, 1924, at age 67. He was buried in the Washington National Cathedral, the only president to be interred in the nation’s capital. Access help liv3 homework of hours of historical video, commercial free, with HISTORY Vault. Start your free trial today. Woodrow Wilson was born on December 28, 1856 in Staunton, Virginia. " data-full-height="2000" data-full-src="" data-full-width="1493" data-image-id="ci0230e63120442549" data-image-slug="Painting Of Pres Wilson Seated At Desk" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg0NTUwNjYxODU1" data-source-name="Bettmann/CORBIS" data-title="Painting Of Pres Wilson Seated At Desk"> Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise had daughters Jessie, Margaret, and Eleanor. " data-full-height="1567" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e631d0112549" data-image-slug="Governor Woodrow Wilson And Family" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg1MDg1ODkzOTYx" data-source-name="Bettmann/CORBIS" data-title="Governor Woodrow Wilson And Family"> The suffragette movement became very popular during his term. " data-full-height="1349" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e631706e2549" data-image-slug="Women Suffrage Parade Supporting Wilson" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg0ODE3NDU4NTA1" data-source-name="Bettmann/CORBIS" data-title="Women Suffrage Parade Supporting Wilson"> Sometimes they supported Wilson, sometimes they didn't. " data-full-height="1493" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e631606a2549" data-image-slug="Wilson_women" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg0NTUxMTg1NzM3" data-source-name="Library of Congress" data-title="Wilson_women"> Wilson started Federal Trade Commission, created an income tax, and lowered tariffs. " data-full-height="1400" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e63130642549" data-image-slug="Wilson_baseball" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg0NTUwOTIzNTkz" data-source-name="Library of Congress" data-title="Wilson_baseball"> President declared war on Buyworkwriteessay.org Student Essay - in 1917. " data-full-height="1558" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e63270072549" data-image-slug="President Woodrow Wilson Addresses Congress" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg1MDg5NzYwNTg1" data-source-name="Bettmann/CORBIS" college write personal essay to a how Woodrow Wilson Addresses Congress"> American troops helped the Allies change the tide of the war, defeating Germany. " data-full-height="1447" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e632100d2549" data-image-slug="President And Mrs Wilson Wounded Soldiers" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg1MDg2NDgzNzg1" data-source-name="National Archives" data-title="President And Mrs Wilson Wounded Soldiers"> At the war's end, President Wilson traveled to France, where he headed the American delegation to the peace conference seeking an official end to the conflict. " data-full-height="1810" data-full-src="" data-full-width="2000" data-image-id="ci0230e631201f2549" data-image-slug="The Big Four Of Versailles" data-public-id="MTU3ODc5MDg0ODE3OTE3MjU3" data-source-name="National Archives" data-title="The Big Four Of Versailles"> He also successfully advocated the creation of the League of Nations as a means of maintaining peace in the postwar world. In November 1920, President Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts at Versailles.